Celiac disease happens when the small intestine is damaged. When the damage happens, the small intestine can’t get nutrients from food and the person becomes malnourished.
People who have celiac disease can’t eat gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley. Gluten is found in many of the foods we eat.
Symptoms of Celiac Disease
- abdominal bloating and pain
- chronic diarrhea
- pale, foul smelling or greasy looking stool
- weight loss/gain
- unexplained anemia
- bone or joint pain
- muscle cramps
- recurrent miscarriage
Causes of Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder. This is because the person’s own immune system causes the damage. It is a disease that runs in families.
Sometimes the disease becomes active for the first time after surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, viral infection, or severe emotional stress.
Diagnosing Celiac Disease
There are sveral ways Celiac Disease may be diagnosed:
- Blood tests looking at your antibodies
- Biopsy during an upper endoscopy
- Capsule endoscopy/Pill cam
Treating Celiac Disease
The only treatment of Celiac Disease is a gluten free diet. You will need to work closely with a registered dietitian.