Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a complex neurodegenerative brain disorder where there is a depletion of dopamine, a neurotransmitter, in the brain. Dopamine is produced in an area of the brain called the substantia nigra and it helps to carry messages between neurons in the brain thereby regulating smooth coordinated movements.
In those with PD, there is a loss of dopamine-producing brain cells being produced in the brain. Therefore, neurons in the brain are not able to function properly leading to poor control of movements. It is often when one loses 60-80% of these dopamine-producing cells that PD symptoms are noticed. The loss of cells is described as neurodegeneration.
Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
The most common symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease include:
- Tremor (shakiness)
- Rigidity (stiffness)
- Bradykinesia (slowness of movements)
- Postural instability (impaired balance and coordination)
Parkinson’s symptoms often progress gradually in most people and signs and symptoms vary among those who suffer from this disease. As the disease progresses, other symptoms, aside from those listed above, may be seen. These symptoms may include difficulty swallowing, trouble speaking, urinary incontinence, altered sleep, constipation, depression, and emotional changes. As the disease advances, cognitive decline may be seen.
There is no specific laboratory test or scan that can be done to diagnose Parkinson’s Disease. Along with the medical history of the patient, the neurological exam must have the presence of two of the three cardial signs of PD: tremor at rest, rigidity, and/or bradykinesias. The final diagnosis is made after ruling out all other potential causes of such symptoms such as certain medications causing symptoms or another disease process.
There is no cure for PD. At this time, there have not been any medications or treatments that have conclusively been shown to reverse the disease process. The initial treatment is medication that replaces dopamine deficit in the brain. There are other medications that also assist in alleviating the symptoms that one may experience with PD.
Coping with Parkinson's Disease
These free land and water classes are designed to benefit people with Parkinson’s by using exercise to help manage symptoms.
Emphasis is placed on exercises to improve balance, posture, flexibility, range of motion, coordination and gait. All levels of fitness ability are welcome.
Rush Copley Healthplex
Land: Tuesday, Thursday, 1-2 p.m.
Water: Friday, 1-2 p.m.
Please call 630-978-6280 for more information, the next class date or to register.
The Parkinson’s Support Group provides information about living with Parkinson’s disease. You’ll learn about resources and programs that can help enhance your quality of life and have the opportunity to share your experiences with others. Join us to be part of our comforting and understanding community.
- Rush Copley Heart Institute
2088 Ogden Avenue, Aurora
First Wednesday of every month
10 to 11:30 a.m.
- Rush Copley Healthcare Center
1100 W. Veterans Parkway, Yorkville
Third Wednesday of every month
1:30 to 3 p.m.