Fractures and Dislocations
Orthopedic surgeons treat millions of fractures each year in the United States. Treatment methods are variable, and depend on various factors such as patient age, bone quality, fracture pattern and location, and surgeon preference. Traditional methods of surgical fracture repair developed over the past century have provided reliable results with regards to fracture union and functional recovery. Recent innovations in fracture care have been developed that have the potential to increase healing rates. The physicians and staff at Castle Orthopaedics will provide you with comprehensive treatment of your fracture or dislocation, using the most reliable and up-to-date methods available.
Fractures are classified and treated according to the amount of displacement or separation of the bone ends of the fracture site. Most fractures are nondisplaced, and require only splint or cast immobilization until the bone is healed. Many fractures require reduction, in which he fractured bone ends are realigned appropriately. Closed reduction involves obtaining bony alignment via manipulation without incising the skin, and is usually done with anesthesia. Other fractures have enough separation at the bone ends or misalignment of the bone fragments to require a surgical procedure in which an incision is used to properly expose and subsequently align the fracture. Often pins, screws, plates, rods, nails, or wires are used to hold the reduced fragments in place until bony union occurs.
Fractures are unfortunate but fairly common occurrences. Proper exercise and a diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D content can help increase bone mass and significantly decrease the risk of fracture. We have a bone density scanner (DEXA) at Castle Orthopaedics, which can help identify those at increased risk of fracture due to osteopenia or osteoporosis.