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Foot and Ankle Services

The foot is a complex structure involved in the support and locomotion of the human body. With 26 bones in each foot, the feet account for nearly 25% of the bones in the human skeleton. These bones are positioned and maintained in alignment by ligaments, tendons, and muscles, including some muscles in the lower leg which have tendons that cross the ankle and insert into bones in the feet.

The vertical forces placed on the foot during normal gait exceed total body weight by at least 20%. This number increases significantly with jogging or running. Any abnormalities in foot alignment or body position can also increase these forces. Increased forces can cause significant trauma to the foot by exceeding the structural tolerances of the soft tissues. This, in turn, can lead to further imbalances between the bones and muscles of the foot. These malalignments may cause many problems, including pronation (flat feet), bunions, hammertoes, corns, calluses, repeated ankle sprains, and even back and neck pain.

At Castle Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, your ankle pain can be treated by any of our board certified orthopaedic surgeons or sports medicine physicians. If you or a member of your family has foot pain, we have a board certified podiatrist whose entire practice is dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries and abnormalities of the foot. He is available to discuss surgical and conservative treatment of all foot ailments from toenail problems to heel pain, bunions to skin lesions, and prescription orthotics to shoe modifications.