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Home > Health & Fitness > Healthwise > Contact Immunotherapy for Hair Loss
Alopecia areata is
hair loss caused when the immune system attacks
hair follicles, where hair growth begins. Contact immunotherapy may be the most effective treatment for severe alopecia areata.footnote 1 A common medicine used is
DPCP, a liquid, is "painted" on the scalp once a week. The
concentration of the solution is increased at each treatment session until a
allergic reaction occurs. Hair growth may appear
within 3 months of beginning treatment.
Side effects of contact immunotherapy include a severe rash (contact dermatitis) and swollen
lymph nodes, especially in the neck.
Hague J, Berth-Jones J (2010). Alopecia areata. In MG Lebwohl et al., eds., Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies, 3rd ed., pp. 31–35. Edinburgh: Saunders Elsevier.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Current as ofFebruary 20, 2015
Current as of:
February 20, 2015
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
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