Skip to Content

Pompe Disease

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Pompe Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Acid Maltase Deficiency
  • Alpha-1,4 Glucosidase Deficiency
  • Cardiomegalia Glycogenica Diffusa
  • Generalized Glycogenosis
  • Glycogenosis Type II
  • Lysosomal Glucosidase Deficiency

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type II

General Discussion

Pompe disease is a glycogen storage disease. This rare inherited metabolic disorder is caused by an inborn lack of the enzyme alpha-1,4 glucosidase (lysosomal glucosidase; acid maltase), which is necessary to break down glycogen, a substance that is a source of energy for the body. This enzyme deficiency causes excess amounts of glycogen to accumulate in the lysosomes, which are structures within cells that break down waste products within the cell. The symptoms and physical findings of Pompe disease result from the abnormal accumulation of glycogen in the cells. Pompe disease is a single disease continuum with variable rates of disease progression. The infantile form is characterized by severe muscle weakness and abnormally diminished muscle tone (hypotonia) without muscle wasting, and usually manifests within the first few months of life. Additional abnormalities may include enlargement of the heart (cardiomegaly), the liver (hepatomegaly), and/or the tongue (macroglossia). Progressive cardiac failure usually causes life-threatening complications by the age of 12 to 18 months. The childhood form usually begins during late infancy or early childhood. The extent of organ involvement may vary among affected individuals; however, skeletal muscle weakness is usually present with minimal cardiac involvement. In the adult form of Pompe disease, symptoms include muscle weakness such as that found in other chronic muscle disorders. Onset of symptoms usually occurs in the second to fourth decade. This form of the disorder is slowly progressive without cardiac involvement. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the enzyme replacement therapy Myozyme as a treatment for all patients with Pompe disease (April 2006).

Resources

Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases (CLIMB)
Climb Building
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, Intl CW2 6BG
United Kingdom
Tel: 0845 241 2174
Tel: 800 652 3181
Email: info.svcs@climb.org.uk
Internet: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk

Association for Glycogen Storage Disease
P.O. Box 896
Durant, IA 52747
USA
Tel: (563)514-4022
Fax: (563)785-6038
Email: maryc@agsdus.org
Internet: http://www.agsdus.org

Vaincre Les Maladies Lysosomales
2 Ter Avenue
Massy, 91300
France
Tel: 01 69 75 40 30
Fax: 01 60 11 15 83
Email: accueil@vml-asso.org
Internet: http://www.vml-asso.org

Muscular Dystrophy Association
3300 East Sunrise Drive
Tucson, AZ 85718-3208
USA
Tel: (520)529-2000
Fax: (520)529-5300
Tel: (800)572-1717
Email: mda@mdausa.org
Internet: http://www.mda.org/

NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Office of Communications & Public Liaison
Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
Tel: (301)496-3583
Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/

Acid Maltase Deficiency Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 700248
San Antonio, TX 78270-0248
Tel: (210)494-6144
Fax: (210)490-7161
Email: tianrama@aol.com
Internet: http://www.amda-pompe.org

Association for Glycogen Storage Disease (UK)
9 Lindop Road
Hale
Altricham
Cheshire, WA159DZ
United Kingdom
Tel: 1619807303
Fax: 1612263813
Email: president@agsd.org.uk
Internet: http://www.agsd.org.uk

Children's Cardiomyopathy Foundation
PO Box 547
Tenafly, NJ 07670
USA
Tel: (866)808-2873
Fax: (201)227-7016
Email: info@childrenscardiomyopathy.org
Internet: http://www.childrenscardiomyopathy.org

Belgian Association for Metabolic Diseases
Alice Nahonlann 7
Melsele, 9120
Belgium
Tel: 0498 701 503
Fax: 03 775 48 39
Email: info@boks.be
Internet: http://www.boks.be/site/index.php/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Instituto de Errores Innatos del Metabolismo
Carrera 7 No 40 - 62
Bogota,
Columbia
Tel: (571) 3208320
Email: abarrera@javeriana.edu.co
Internet: http://www.javeriana.edu.co/ieim/programas_ieim.htm

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

United Pompe Foundation
5100 N. Sixth Street #119
Fresno, CA 93710
Tel: (559)227-1898
Fax: (559)227-1898
Email: david@unitedpompe.com
Internet: http://www.unitedpompe.com

Hide & Seek Foundation for Lysosomal Disease Research
6475 East Pacific Coast Highway Suite 466
Long Beach, CA 90803
Tel: (877)621-1122
Fax: (866)215-8850
Email: info@hideandseek.org
Internet: http://www.hideandseek.org

Proyecto Pide un Deseo México, i.a.p.
Altadena #59-501 col. Napoles
delegacion Benito Juarez
03810 Mexico D.F.
Tel: 55 5543-2447
Fax: 55-5543-5450
Email: prayecto.pdeundese.mexico@gmail.com
Internet: http://www.pideundeseo.org

Hong Kong Mucopolysaccharidoses & Rare Genetic Diseases Mutual Aid Group
G/F Wang Lai House
Wang Tau Hom Estate
Kowloon,
Hong Kong
Tel: 852-2794-3010
Fax: 852 2338 4820
Email: mps@hk-mps.com
Internet: http://www.hk-mps.com/en/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  6/1/2007
Copyright  1987, 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.