Skip to Content
Rush-Copley Medical Group
Home > Health & Fitness > Healthwise > Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Enteral or Total Parenteral Nutrition
The following nutritional treatments may be used for
inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or
Enteral nutrition is a fluid given
through a tube that is inserted into the nose, down the throat, and into the
stomach. This tube is called a nasogastric, or NG, tube. The fluid contains
essential nutrients and helps supplement or replace a regular diet. The
intestines absorb nutrients from the fluid more easily than from regular food.
Feedings may be given during the day or at night during sleep.
Studies of people who have Crohn's disease show that enteral nutrition
may help keep them free of symptoms (in
nutrition (TPN) is liquid nutrition given through a needle that is inserted
into a large vein in or near the shoulder, neck, or arm. This method bypasses
the digestive tract completely and places nutrients directly into the
bloodstream. TPN allows the bowel to rest so that medicines can work. TPN may
be helpful in stopping the symptoms of Crohn's disease in certain people, but
the treatment is still unproved. TPN has not been shown to have any benefit in
treating ulcerative colitis. But parenteral nutrition may offer nutritional
benefits to patients even if it doesn't help with the treatment of
Akobeng AK, Thomas AG (2007). Enteral nutrition for
maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3).
Current as of:
October 8, 2012
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Arvydas D. Vanagunas, MD - Gastroenterology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2014 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Retrieving newsletters from the Web service...
Sorry, the newsletter Web service is unavailable at this time.
You have signed up for the selected newsletters.
© Copyright 2015 Rush-Copley Medical Center • 2000 Ogden Avenue; Aurora, IL 60504
Main: 630-978-6200 • Physician Referral & Information: 630-978-6700 or 866-4COPLEY (866-426-7539)