Skip to Content
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), sometimes called juvenile
rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile chronic arthritis, is a childhood disease that
causes inflamed, swollen joints that are often stiff and painful. Symptoms
common to all forms of JIA include joint pain, a disturbance in the way a child
walks (abnormal gait), and joint stiffness that lasts longer than 1 hour in the
The cause of JIA is not well understood. Most experts believe it is
caused by a combination of factors, including an overly active immune
There are several types of JIA. Each type is based on how many
joints are affected during the first 6 months of active disease, whether the child
has other symptoms, and which parts of the body are affected.
Several types of JIA can also include serious eye inflammation.
Current as of:
September 9, 2014
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
© Copyright 2015 Rush-Copley Medical Center • 2000 Ogden Avenue; Aurora, IL 60504
Main: 630-978-6200 • Physician Referral & Information: 630-978-6700 or 866-4COPLEY (866-426-7539)