Skip to Content
Autosomal recessive diseases are
genetic diseases that are passed to a child through
Each person inherits 23
chromosomes from each parent and so has 23 pairs of chromosomes. Each
genes. One or both of the chromosomes in a pair may
contain a changed (mutated) gene that could cause a genetic disease. In an
autosomal recessive disease, both chromosomes in a pair
must have a changed gene for the person to have the disease. If only one
chromosome has a changed gene, the person is a
carrier and does not have symptoms.
both parents carry the gene change, there is a:
If only one parent carries the gene change, there is a 50% chance in
each pregnancy that the child will:
If neither parent carries the gene change, the child will not have
this type of disease.
See a diagram of the
chances of passing on an autosomal recessive disease.
recessive diseases include
sickle cell disease, autosomal recessive
polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), and
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerSiobhan M. Dolan, MD, MPH - Reproductive Genetics
Current as ofFebruary 24, 2016
Current as of:
February 24, 2016
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Siobhan M. Dolan, MD, MPH - Reproductive Genetics
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
© Copyright 2017 Rush Copley Medical Center • 2000 Ogden Avenue; Aurora, IL 60504
Main: 630-978-6200 • Physician Referral & Information: 630-978-6700 or 866-4COPLEY (866-426-7539)