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The pelvic floor is a "hammock" of muscles attached to the
pelvic girdle. These muscles hold the pelvic organs in place. Pelvic floor, or
Kegel, exercises strengthen your lower pelvic muscles. This helps prevent a
long period of pushing during labor.footnote 1 Start doing
daily Kegel exercises while you are pregnant, and continue doing them after
See a picture of the
pelvic floor muscles.
pregnancy and delivery, the pelvic floor can become stretched and weakened,
commonly causing urine control problems (urinary incontinence) for months to years after childbirth. A weakened pelvic
floor can also allow one or more pelvic organs to sag, as in the case of
uterine prolapse. Doing regular Kegel exercises helps
prevent urine control problems (incontinence) after childbirth.footnote 2, footnote 3
Kegel exercises are only effective when done regularly.
They can be performed while traveling, at work, or at odd moments during the
Salvesen KÅ, Mørkved S (2004). Randomized controlled trial of pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy. BMJ, 329(7462): 378–380.
Mørkved S, et al. (2003). Pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy to prevent urinary incontinence: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 101(2): 313–319.
Lentz GM (2007). Physiology of micturition, diagnosis of voiding dysfunction, and incontinence: Surgical and nonsurgical treatment. In VL Katz et al., eds., Comprehensive Gynecology, 5th ed., pp. 537–568. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerKirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as ofMay 20, 2016
Current as of:
May 20, 2016
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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