Skip to Content
Oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as
oligoarthritis, is the most common and often the mildest type of JIA.
Oligoarticular JIA most commonly affects the knees, ankles, fingers, toes,
wrists, elbows, and hips.
Oligoarticular JIA affects 4 or fewer joints during the first 6
months of the disease. Symptoms tend to be limited to joint swelling and pain. But it can also include uneven bone growth. This can lead to one leg being longer
than the other. As it progresses, this type of JIA can develop into:
Whole-body (systemic) symptoms (such as weakness, fatigue, and
fever) are not common.
Children with oligoarticular JIA have a high risk for
inflammatory eye disease. This can lead to blindness. Eye damage can
occur without causing symptoms. So frequent eye exams are needed.
In the past, oligoarticular JIA was known as pauciarticular JIA.
Current as of:
February 24, 2016
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
© Copyright 2017 Rush Copley Medical Center • 2000 Ogden Avenue; Aurora, IL 60504
Main: 630-978-6200 • Physician Referral & Information: 630-978-6700 or 866-4COPLEY (866-426-7539)