Skip to Content
Neurofibromatosis is a genetic condition that causes noncancerous
tumors to grow on nerves and produces abnormalities in the bones and skin. Most
cases of neurofibromatosis are mild and do not require treatment.
The most common form of neurofibromatosis causes noncancerous
tumors (neurofibromas) on or under the skin. Occasionally, noncancerous tumors
may develop in the eyes and nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
Neurofibromatosis also may cause dark spots to form on the skin that are
similar to birthmarks (called café-au-lait spots). These may vary in size and
color and may be found anywhere on the body.
There is no cure for neurofibromatosis, but treatment may relieve
symptoms. Some people choose to have large or highly visible tumors removed by surgery. Surgery to remove tumors of the spinal cord, brain, or other
nerves under the skin may be needed if the tumors are causing pain or
Current as of:
February 5, 2016
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
© Copyright 2017 Rush-Copley Medical Center • 2000 Ogden Avenue; Aurora, IL 60504
Main: 630-978-6200 • Physician Referral & Information: 630-978-6700 or 866-4COPLEY (866-426-7539)