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Cystic fibrosis is a chronic and progressive disease, usually
diagnosed in childhood, that causes mucus to become thick and sticky. The mucus
builds up and clogs passages in the lungs, pancreas, and many other organs in
Early symptoms of cystic fibrosis include abnormally salty sweat or
skin and a failure to thrive, which includes a poor appetite, lack of energy,
and weight loss during infancy. Some babies who have cystic fibrosis are born
with a blocked small intestine. Later symptoms include coughing up mucus and a
lack of energy. Adults who have cystic fibrosis may have fertility
There is no cure for cystic fibrosis. Management of the disease
varies from person to person and generally focuses on treating respiratory and
digestive problems to prevent infection and other complications. Treatment
usually involves a combination of medicines and home treatment methods, such as
respiratory and nutritional therapies.
Current as of:
July 1, 2016
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & R. Steven Tharratt, MD, MPVM, FACP, FCCP - Pulmonology, Critical Care Medicine, Medical Toxicology
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